An entrepreneur is an owner or manager of a business enterprise who makes money through risk and initiative. The term was originally a loanword from French and was first defined by the Irish-French economist Richard Cantillon. Entrepreneur in English is a term applied to a person who is willing to help launch a new venture or enterprise and accept full responsibility for the outcome. Jean-Baptiste Say, a French economist, is believed to have coined the word "entrepreneur" in the 19th century - he defined an entrepreneur as "one who undertakes an enterprise, especially a contractor, acting as intermediatory between capital and labour"
In the common view entrepreneur is commonly equated to the person starting or running a new business or rapidly expanding a business of an existing company. Entrepreneurs as defined in this sense typically use their own money in addition to the loans or other various sorts of capital acquisition to further the goals of the company they run.