What business models exist for mobile applications beyond the AppStores that are run by the platform owner (Apple, Google)?
The standard business model seems to be low priced apps in 3 segments (<1$, <10$, >10$) with a large potential customer base, where the AppStores provide market outreach, scalability and little upfront investment in a sales process. AppStores are perfect for this kind of market.
Applications that are content-driven need a recurring monetization, so they remain profitable for a publisher. AppStores fill that role too.
However, there are cases where the above business models aren't reasonable. This is especially true in a niche market, where the number of potential users is low compared to the development cost but the achievable price is high nonetheless. The benefit AppStores provide in this segment are low in relation to their high cost (typically 30% of the revenue).
What alternative business models work in this segment? There are applications (such as medical imaging) where an alternative business model has likely proven itself? What are those? Can they even be legally implemented, with respect to the usual restrictions put on mobile platforms?
Here are a couple of alternatives that seem to be used (just for thought-food):
- Couple the application to an online service of some kind, for which a separate license is required (can be recurring or fixed fee)
- Use distribution methods designed for enterprise customers and rent the application.
- Use inofficial AppStores, such as Cydia. I don't know what to think of this, heck I don't even know if it's legal.